>>> very incomplete and not clearly planned

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  • DNA makes proteins which include nitrogen.
  • Plants make sugars
  • Animals do not make sugars [referemce needed]

Carbohydrates are of types:

  1. sugar, single, mono-sacarrhide
  • fructose
  • glucose
  • galactose
  1. lipid

Single sugars combine when dehydrated by removing one H2O to give a two sugar, di-sacarrhide

sucrose, 1 glucose + 1 fructose

lactose, 1 glucose + 1 galactose [milk sugar, needs the friendly bacteria lacto-bacilli to digest the di into the single mono's.