- all were given these at the same time
Success rates of a mixture of ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and minocycline antibiotics used in the non-instrumentation endodontic treatment of mandibular primary molars with carious pulpal involvement.
To evaluate the clinical and radiographic success rates of three mixed antibiotics in the non-instrumentation endodontic treatment of primary mandibular molars at 24-27 months postoperatively.
Eighty cariously involved lower primary molars from 58 children (ages 3-8 years) received a 3Mix medicament by non-instrumentation endodontic treatment and were then sealed with glass-ionomer cement and composite resin before permanent restoration with stainless steel crowns. The patients received a clinical and radiographic assessment every 6 months over a 2-year follow-up period with an intra-examiner reliability of 0.83-1.00 (κ value).
In 60 cases at 24- to 27-month follow-up, the success rates as determined by clinical and radiographic evaluation were 75% and 36.7%, respectively; however, the overall success rate of 3Mix non-instrumentation endodontic treatment was 36.7% with 15.8% of cases demonstrating a pulpal response of internal resorption.
Non-instrumentation endodontic treatment using 3Mix-MP showed good clinical success but had a low success rate based on radiographic evaluation at 2-year follow-up. Hence, 3Mix antibiotic treatment cannot replace a conventional root canal treatment agent as a long-term therapy.
© 2011 The Authors. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry © 2011 BSPD, IAPD and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
- [Indexed for MEDLINE]